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Ushguli is the highest populated place in Svaneti and Europe. It is situated about 2060-2200 meters above the sea level, in Mestia municipality, at the meeting point of rivers Dzira, Enguri and Shavtskala-Kvishara. There are four villages: Jibiani, Chvibiani, Murkmeli and Chajashi. In the center is a village Chajashi, It is also regarded as a museum and is included in UNESCO World cultural Heritage list because of its architectural and ethnographic heritage- more than 30 traditional towers are located there.
Uplistsikhe is an ancient rock-hewn town in eastern Georgia, some 10 kilometers east from the town of Gori, Shida Kartli. Uplistsikhe is identified by archaeologists as one of the oldest urban settlements in Georgia. Strategically located in the heart of ancient kingdom of Kartli (or Iberia as it was known to the Classical authors), it emerged as a major political and religious center of the country. The town’s age and importance led medieval Georgian written tradition to ascribe its foundation to the mythical Uplos, son of Mtskhetos, and grandson of Kartlos. With the Christianization of Kartli early in the 4th century, Uplistsikhe seems to have declined in its importance and lost its position to the new centers of Christian culture – Mtskheta and, later Tbilisi. However, Uplistsikhe reemerged as a principal Georgian stronghold during the Muslim conquest of Tbilisi in the 8th and 9th century. The Mongol raids in the 14th century marked the ultimate eclipse of the town; it was virtually abandoned, and only occasionally used as a temporary shelter in times of foreign intrusions.
Sighnaghi is a town in Georgia’s eastern region of Kakheti and the administrative center of the Signagi Municipality. Although it is one of Georgia’s smallest towns, Signagi serves as a popular tourist destination due to its location at the heart of Georgia’s wine-growing regions, as well as its picturesque landscapes, pastel houses and narrow, cobblestone streets. Located on a steep hill, Signagi overlooks the vast Alazani Valley, with the Caucasus Mountains visible at a distance. Signagi and its environs are home to several historical and cultural monuments and has been specifically protected by the State since 1975. The town is walled with the remnants of 18th-century fortifications. There are two Georgian Orthodox churches in the town itself – one dedicated to St. George and the other to St. Stephen. The venerated Bodbe Monastery is located 2 kilometers from Signagi and is a place of pilgrimage due to its association with St. Nino, the 4th-century apostle of Georgia. The local Ethnographic and Archaeological Museum dating from the 1950s was upgraded and developed into a modern-standard exhibition the – Signagi Museum – in 2007. Signagi is known as a “City of Love” in Georgia, with many couples visiting it just to get married.
History One can name Batumi as one of the oldest cities in Georgia dating back to the fourth century BC. The city's name is derived from the Greek word for deep meaning. Aristotle and Pliny named this place Pontus Bathea. During the Old Testament, the city was used to carry out active business relations with [...]